The Maryland Department of Agriculture has issued an order proscribing the motion of dairy cows from affected states as instances of avian flu have been reported in a number of states.

As avian flu instances amongst dairy cows are reported in a number of states, Maryland is taking motion to forestall it from spreading into the state. The Maryland Department of Agriculture has issued an order restricting the motion of dairy cows from affected states.

“The concern about motion of cattle is that numerous the outbreaks in a number of states have been linked to at least one explicit farm in Texas, which suggests that the motion of cattle is in some way spreading this virus to different states as effectively,” Dr. Andrew Pekosz, a virus skilled who research viruses comparable to influenza on the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, mentioned.

He mentioned how the Type A H5N1 virus moved from birds to cattle stays a thriller, however the milk from one contaminated cow containing the virus has scientists wanting into two theories.

“One is that the virus is spreading from cow to cow. Another is that maybe the dairy tools which might be used to take advantage of the cows have been contaminated with the virus,” he mentioned.

While instances in people have reportedly solely concerned a gentle case of conjunctivitis, Pekosz mentioned when the H5N1 infects people, it’s oftentimes related to a really extreme illness, which is behind a number of the concern over the illness spreading.

“I feel one other facet within the dairy trade proper now could be elevating the attention of how dairy farmworkers can shield themselves from infections,” he mentioned.

Pekosz mentioned the opposite concern is with different animals on farms. For instance, if chickens get contaminated, the consequence and unfold of the sickness could be very lethal. Also, traditionally, viruses that infect people usually unfold by way of pigs first.

“We’re additionally involved this represents a brand new means that this virus may get uncovered to different animals and proceed to adapt in a means that may make it higher to contaminate people,” Pekosz mentioned.

So far, there aren’t any reported instances of contaminated pigs.

The avian flu is believed to have initially been unfold by wild birds and is linked to at least one farm in Texas, so Pekosz mentioned scientists are listening to the migration of birds to the north.

“Those migratory birds are those that oftentimes carry this H5N1 virus,” he mentioned.

Pekosz believes you shouldn’t be involved. With milk, he mentioned, even when it got here from an contaminated cow, the pasteurization course of has confirmed very efficient at killing avian viruses.

“There actually is nearly no threat proper now, with respect to the milk inhabitants anyplace within the nation, to be trustworthy,” he mentioned.

For householders who’ve hen feeders, he mentioned in addition they shouldn’t be involved about catching the sickness or cease feeding the birds. He mentioned one of the best recommendation is to all the time wash your arms when filling feeders as a result of hen feces can carry micro organism and different issues which might be worse than avian flu.

“It’s reminder to simply apply … good hand hygiene once you’re out and about, coming into contact with animals, or particularly wild animals,” he mentioned.

Now, when you discover a useless hen, keep away from it and report it to state wildlife officials who might wish to check the animal for the virus.

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